British Military & Criminal History:

1900 to 1999.

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Introduction

PCOM 8

PCOM 9

PRO 30/57

HO 144

HO 161

HO 291

MEPO 2

J 82

CRIM 1

DPP 1

DPP 4

KV 2

WO 32

WO 71

WO 81
WO 83
WO 84

WO 93

WO 105
WO 304

RUDOLF HESS PAPERS

TS 26

THE TREACHERY ACT 1940

FO 371

Introduction

These are all the records which I have found at the National Archives and I have found useful. I have not had the chance to examine anywhere near all of them. They should prove a useful starting point for anyone else. As I work my way through these records, I will update this site.

The records have been grouped under their group and class document reference. Within each table, the column in bold shows the piece number. The complete document reference is constructed by adding the group, class and piece items together. An example would be PCOM 9/1117, which deals with the execution of John Amery.

I would also like to thank all the staff at the National Archives for the work they do in preserving this country's records, and making them available to members of the public.

PCOM 8

22

1922-3

BYWATERS, Frederick Edward Francis

At Central Criminal Court on 5 December 1922. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Pentonville on 9 January 1923. (Also HO 144/2685, PCOM 8/436 and PCOM 9/1983)

30

1910-1

CRIPPEN, Hawley Harvey

At Central Criminal Court on 22 October 1910. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Pentonville on 23 November 1910.

87

1885-1901

LEE, John

At Exeter on 29 January 1885. Convicted of murder. Sentenced to death but sentence commuted.

186

1926-7

Execution arrangements at H.M.P. Pentonville

Closed for 100 years.

199 -  214

 

The treatment of prisoners awaiting execution

228

1912

Instructions to governors regarding suffragettes

432-435

 

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie WILDE

(Also HO 45/24513-24516 and HO 45/25894).

436

 

THOMPSON, Edith Jessie

At Central Criminal Court on 11 December 1922. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Holloway on 9 January 1923. (Also PCOM 8/22, PCOM 9/1983 and HO 144/2685)

PCOM 9

152

1939

Executed Prisoners

Remains are not to be used for scientific purposes.

401

1948

Investigation into electro encephalograms made in capital cases.

411

1946

High Treason prisoners

Director of Public Prosecutions expresses his appreciation of the work done by all prison officers.

415-429

 

Various pieces concerning the procedures to be followed before, during and after an execution.

499

1939-41

War records of the Prison Department are transferred to the Imperial War Museum.

 

515

1940

Formation of war zone courts

capital cases sentenced under new defence regulations.

710

1943-7

GERAGHTY, Christopher James Francis

At the Central Criminal Court on 28 July 1947. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Pentonville 19 September 1947. (Also PCOM 9/715)

715

1943-7

JENKINS, Charles Henry

At the Central Criminal Court on 28 July 1947. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Pentonville 19 September 1947. (Also PCOM 9/710)

878

1940-7

MOSELEY, Oswald

Interned under Defence Regulation 18B. (On Microfilm)

1117

1948

AMERY, John

At the Central Criminal Court on 13 November 1945. Convicted of high treason. Executed at H.M.P. Wandsworth 19 December 1945. (Also HO 144/22822-3, HO 45/25773)

1308

1950

The visit of Eamonn de Valera to H.M.P. Lincoln.

1319

1949

The laying of wreaths on the graves of executed prisoners is not usually permitted.

1339

1949

Mr Albert Pierrepoint

Permission refused to provide a writer with biographical details.

1344

1950-1

The refusal of a foreign observer attending a execution.

1345

1951-2

Properly executed person declared dead despite continued cardiac action.

1348

1953

The reason for letting the body of an executed prisoner remain suspended for one hour.

1373

1952

Procedures concerning the courts-martial (Appeals) Act 1951.

1374

1949-50

Royal Commission on Capital Punishment

The views of Governors, Medical Officers and the Prison Officers Association.

1375

1950-2

Royal Commission on Capital Punishment

Electro encephalogram treatment of prisoners on capital charges.

1376

1950

Royal Commission on Capital Punishment

Arrangements for the Commission’s members to see a dummy execution.

1402

1946-51

The plans and particulars for expanding the burial grounds at H.M.P. Pentonville.

1668

1953

CHRISTIE, John Reginald Halliday

At the Central Criminal Court on 16 June 1953. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Pentonville on 15 July 1953. (Also PCOM 9/2313)

1697

1943-54

Security of the medical records of executed prisoners at H.M.P. Wandsworth. Also measures arising from the prosecution of Mrs. Van der Elst, a campaigner against capital punishment.

1755

1953-6

The execution of women

The correction of misinformation in a MP’s letter to The Times newspaper.

1773-82

 

Various papers concerning executed prisoners.

1783

1959

Confirmation that the Medical Officer examines the body of an executed prisoner immediately after the execution to verify that life is extinct.

1802-8

 

Various papers concerning the procedures to be followed by various people before, during and after an execution.

1975

1927-33

Awaiting execution

The question of detention at prison before and after execution.

1978

1956-7

Burial places for prisoners.

1982

1956

The relatives of executed prisoners are not permitted to visit the graves.

1983

1956

Various Parliamentary questions and debate concerning the allegations about the execution of Edith Thompson.

2004

1965-6

The exhumation of Derek William BENTLEY, from H.M.P. Wandsworth, and James HANRATTY, from H.M.P. Bedford.

2024

1956

Question arising from articles in "Sunday Empire News"

Also the decision not to prosecute Albert Pierrepoint for breaches of the Official Secrets Act; his resignation and question arising from it.

2084

1955

ELLIS, Ruth

At Central Criminal Court on 21 June 1955. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Holloway on 13 July 1955.

2121

1942

SCOTT-FORD, Duncan Alexander Croall

At Central Criminal Court on 16 October 1942. Convicted of treachery. Executed at H.M.P. Wandsworth on 3 November 1942.

2122

1945-9

JOYCE, William

At Central Criminal Court in the autumn of 1945. Convicted of high treason. Executed at H.M.P. Wandsworth on 3 January 1946.

2162

1960

FORSYTH, Francis Robert George

At Central Criminal Court on 26 September 1960. Convicted of murder in the furtherance of theft. Executed at H.M.P. Wandsworth on 10 November 1960. (Also PCOM 9/2163)

2163

1960

HARRIS, Norman James

At Central Criminal Court on 26 September 1960. Convicted of murder in the furtherance of theft. Executed at H.M.P. Pentonville on 10 November 1960. (Also PCOM 9/2162)

2175

1957-63

Procedures concerning executions in consequence of the Homicide Act 1957.

2237

1966-7

Destruction of all execution apparatus except for one set retained at H.M.P. Wandsworth.

2312

1948-66

BENTLEY, Derek William

At Central Criminal Court on 2 November 1952. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Wandsworth on 28 January 1953. (Also HO 291/225 and MEPO 2/9401/1)

2313

1949-66

EVANS, Timothy John

At Central Criminal Court on 13 January 1950. Convicted of murder. Executed at H.M.P. Pentonville on 9 March 1950. (Also PCOM 9/1668)

2315-40

1916

CASEMENT, Roger David

Convicted of High Treason. Executed at H.M.P. Pentonville on 3 August 1916.

PRO 30/57

The private papers of Kitchener of Khartoum are located in the group PRO 30/57. These papers cover his life and career from 1877 until his death in 1916. They were deposited with the National Register for Achieves for listing in November 1958 by his great-nephew, the 3rd Earl Kitchener who subsequently passed them on to the PRO.

The table below is only a subset of the group.

17

Boer War Correspondence: 1899-1907

18

Boer War 1899-1900: Captured Boer letters

19

Boer War 1900-02: Miscellaneous telegrams

20

Boer War 1900-02: Correspondence from Lord Roberts to Lord Kitchener

21

Boer War 1900-02: Correspondence from Lord Kitchener to Lord Roberts

22

Boer War and India 1900-1904: Correspondence between Lord Kitchener & St John Brodwick

23

Boer War 1901-02: Printed white papers

24

Boer War: Newspaper cuttings from between 1899 and 1902

25

Boer War  1903-05: Evidence & correspondence concerning South Africa Commission & War Stores (Commission) Act

HO 144

1636-7

1916

CASEMENT, Roger David

Convicted of High Treason at the Central Criminal Court, and executed at H.M.P. Pentonville on 3 August 1916.

2685

1922-3

Frederick Edward Francis BYWATERS & Edith Jessie THOMPSON

The controversy regarding their trial and executions. (This piece is composed of two large parts)

15700

1915-32

BOURNVILLE, Eva De

Convicted at Central Criminal Court on 11 January 1916 for spying and sentenced to death (commuted).

22822

1945-6

AMERY, John

Convicted at Central Criminal Court on 28 November 1945 for treason and sentenced to death. (Microfilm Drawer 648).

22823

1945-6

AMERY, John

Continues from HO 144/22822.

23414-509

1916-65

CASEMENT, Roger David

Convicted of High Treason and executed at H.M.P Pentonville at 3 August 1916.

HO 161

Whole Class

The Diaries of Roger David CASEMENT.

HO 291

225

BENTLEY, Derek William.

226

CRAIG, Christopher.

227-228

CHRISTIE, John Reginald Halliday.

229-230

MERRIFIELD, Louisa.

235-238

ELLIS, Ruth.

MEPO 2

9401/1

1952-71

The murder of P.C. SIDNEY MILES by Derek William BENTLEY and Christopher CRAIG at Croydon on 2 November 1952

Extracted photographs are in CN 22/1. (Closed for 75 years. Opened in 1992 following review)

9401/2

1972

 

Reports and correspondence following various publications on the BENTLEY/CRAIG case. (Closed for 75 years. Reduced to 30 years in 1992)

 

J 82

1

1945

JOYCE, William

Treason.

92

1959

PODOLA, G.F.E

Capital Murder.

110

1960

FORSYTH, F.R.G.H.J., Darby, C.L., Harris, N.J and Lutt,T

Capital Murder.

141

1961

BLAKE, G

Communicating information useful to an enemy.

184

1961

TERRY, Victor John

Capital Murder.

216

1962

HANRATTY, James

Capital Murder.

420-41

1964

REYNOLDS, B.R & others

Conspiracy to stop (Mail Train Robbery) the mail etc.

 CRIM 1

149/3

1914

DREW, Sidney Granville

Inciting to cause damage by publishing "The Suffragetts".

160/1

1916

De BOURNVILLE, Eva.

Attempting to communicate information to the enemy.

206/5

1922

BYWATERS, Frederick Edward Francis & THOMPSON, Edith Jessie

Murder.

482

1945

JONES, Elizabeth Marina & HULTEN, Karl Gustav

Murder.

483

1945

JOYCE, William

Treason.

484

1946

COOPER, Thomas Heller

Treason.

485

1946

MINCHIN, Alfred Vivian, ROWLANDS, Herbert George, BERRY, Kenneth Edward Jordan, BARKER, Ronald David and LEISTER, Dennis John Alfred

Conspiracy to assist the enemy.

583

1916

BOURNONVILLE De, Eva

Pardon.

585

1946

COOPER, Thomas Heller & PURDY, Walter

Pardon.

1177

1940

SINGH, Udham

Murder.

1197

1940

INGRAM, Marie Louisa Augusta, SWIFT, William and WATTS, Archibald

Assisting an enemy.

1202

1940

FREEMAN, Violet Lilian & FREEMAN, Rex William

Assisting the enemy.

1203

1940

SAXON-STEER, William

Publishing matter likely to assist an enemy.

1208

1940

TOMKINS, William Bruce

Doing an act with intent to assist the enemy.

1211

1940

PENLINGTON, Wanda & GUTHERIDGE, William Anthony

Sabotage.

1233

1940

DAY, Ray Leonard Townsend

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1241

1940

MARTIN, Samuel James

Sabotage.

1237

1940

MUNT, Albert Victor

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1300

1941

ARMSTRONG, George Johnson

Treachery.

1307

1941

DRUEKE, Karl Theo. & WALTI, Werner Heinrich

Treachery.

1350

1941

RICHTER, Karel Richard

Treachery.

1414

1942

TIMMERMAN, Alphons Louis E

Treachery.

1449

1942

SCOTT-FORD, Duncan A.C

Treachery.

1491

1943

MENEZES De, R De M

Treachery (Retained by Department)

1658

1945

HEWITT, Gerald Percy Sandys

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1717

1945

AMERY, John

Treason.

1738

1945

PURDY, Walter

Treason.

1739

1945

HUMPRIES, Reginald Arthur

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1745

1946

HILTON, Dorothea May Thresa

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1759

1946

LINGSAW, John

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1761

1946

VARDON, Pearl Joyce

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1763

1946

BOTHAMLEY, Margaret Frances

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1767

1946

WICKS, Henry William

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1783

1946

GILBERT, Charles Patrick & KENNETH, James

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1797

1946

STEANE, Anthony Cedric S

Doing an act likely to assist the enemy.

1806

1946

HEATH, Neville George C

Murder.

1838

1947

ALFORD, L.R. & others

Harbouring escaped POWs contrary to Defence(General) Regulations 1939.

2035

1950

EVANS, Timothy John

Murder.

2052

1950

FUCHS, Klaus Emil Julius

Communicating information contrary to the Official Secrets Act 1911.

2116

1943

(MENEZES De, R. De M.) & 1965 (EVANS, Timothy John)

Pardon.

2282

1952

BENTLEY, Derek William & CRAIG, Christopher

Murder

2326

1953

CHRISTIE, John Reginald H

Murder.

2492

1954

CHRISTOFI, Styllou Pantopiou

Murder.

2582

1955

ELLIS, Ruth

Murder.

DPP 1

2/1-4

1896

JAMESON, L.S & others

Foreign Enlistment Act.

5

1901

KRAUSE, F.E.T

Treason - Extradition.

7

1902

LYNCH, A

Treason.

13

1910

CRIPPEN, H.H

Murder

19

1912

KERR and 8 others

Suffragettes.

22

1913

PANKHURST, E & others

Malicious Damage.

24

1914

AHLERS, N.E.H.A

Treason.

29

1914

LODY, C.H

Defence of Realm Regs.

30

1915

BREECKOW, G.T

Treason.

31

1915

BUSCHMAN, F

Spying.

32

1915

De BAUNONVILLE, E

Neutral Assisting the enemy.

33

1915

JANSSEN, H.M.P & ROOS, W.J

Defence of Realm Regs.

34

1915

MARKS, J

Defence of Realm Regs.

35

1915

MELIN, E.W

Spying.

36

1915

MEYER, A.

Spying.

39

1915

RIES, I.G

Spying.

40

1915

ROGGEN, A.A

Spying.

44

1916

ZENDER, L.H.Y

Spying.

DPP 4

36

1903

LYNCH, A

Treason.

46

1916

CASEMENT, Sir Roger

Treason.

 

KV 2

11

Charles Albert Van den Kieboom

12

Carl Heinrich Meier

13

Sjoerd Pons

14-16

Vera Eriksen

17

Werner Heinrich Walti

18-19

Karl Theodore Drucke

20

Sigwald Lund

21-22

Gunner Edvardsen

23

Otto Joost

24-27

Josef Jakobs

28-29

George William Armstrong

30-33

Karel Richter

43-46

Johannes Marinus Dronkers

47

John Alphonsus Mulder

48-49

Franciscus Johannes Winter

50-52

Oswald John Job

53

Pierre Richard Charles Neukermans

54-56

Josef Jan Van Hove

57-59

Duncan Alexander Croall Scott-Ford

WO 32

4676

1939

Papers relating to the notification sent to next-of-kin in the case of a sentence of death.

 

WO 71

391 1914 Sheffield, F Desertion
392 1914 Ball, J Desertion
396 1915 Scotton, W Desertion
415 1915 Chisholm, A Murder
456 1916 Harris, A (real surname is Beverstein) Desertion
461 1916 Carter, H Desertion
522 1916 Simmonds, W.H Desertion
528 1916 Beeby, E Desertion
551 1917 Malyon, F Desertion
605 1917 Worsley, F Desertion
603 1917 Oyns, A.P Murder
640 1918 Bell, R Murder
652 1918 Stevenson, D Desertion

1109

1945

SCHURCH, T.J.W

Treachery.

1240

1941

JAKOBS, Joseph

Treachery.

1241

1943

PRITCHARD, Mrs. P.E

Conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline.

1248

1943

RUSCIANO, G

Murder.

1249

1945

ZUEHLSDORF, Kurt, HERZIG, Rolf., MERTENS, Josef., GOLTZ, Joacim., WUNDERLICH, Herbart., BRULING, Heinz., KOENIG, Erich Pallme and KLEIN, Hans

Murder.

1250

1945

KNEISSLER, K

Murder.

 

WO 81

142

1913

Sept - 1914 Sept.  

143

1914

Sept - 1915 Feb.  

144

1915

Feb - 1915 May. 

145

1915

May - 1915 Aug.  

146

1915

Aug - 1915 Oct.  

147

1915

Oct - 1915 Dec.  

148 1915 Dec - 1916 Feb.
149 1916 Feb - 1916 May.
150 1916 May - 1916 Dec.

151

1917

Jan - 1917 Apr.

152

1917

May - 1917 Aug.

153

1917

Sept - 1918 Jan.

154

1918

Jan - 1918 Jun.

155

1918

Jul - 1918 Nov.

156

1918

Nov - 1919 Mar.

 

WO 83

20

1914

April 17 - 1915 March 9.

21

1916

August 19 - December 30.

22

1915

August 20 - 1916 January 10.

23

1916

January 15 - February 9.

24

1916

February 8 - June 21.

25

1916

June 22 - December 30.

26

1917

January 1 - March 31.

27

1917

April 2 - June 30.

28

1917

July 2 - September 24.

29

1917

September 25 - December 29.

30

1918

January 1 - March 30.

31

1918

April 1 - June 29.

32

1918

July 1 - September 17.

33

1918

September 1918 - 1919 January 7.

 

WO 84

9

1914

January 4 - 1915 May 18.

10

1915

May 19 - 1916 January 21.

11

1916

January 14 - February 7.

12

1916

February 8 - August 19.

14

1917

January 2 - June 30.

15

1917

July 2 - October 31.

16

1917

November 1 - 1918 January 26.

17

1918

January 26 - June 29.

18

1918

July 1 - December 12.

19

1918

December 12 - 1919 July 31.

 

WO 93

40

courts-martial Death Sentences 1941-53.

49

courts-martial Death Sentences 1914-18.

49-59

Statistics of both Army & Royal Air Force courts-martial 1914-54.

 

WO 105

This class contains the private papers of Field-Marshal Lord Roberts. The selection shown below cover the period which includes the Anglo-South African (Boer) War of 1899-1902.

5

02/12/1899 - 16/02/1900

Despatches & Reports of operations in South Africa by Commander-in-Chief and field commanders

6

17/02/1900 - 21/03/1900

Despatches & Reports of operations in South Africa by Commander-in-Chief and field commanders

7

01/04/1900 - 23/05/1900

Despatches & Reports of operations in South Africa by Commander-in-Chief and field commanders

8

24/05/1900 - 21/06/1900

Despatches & Reports of operations in South Africa by Commander-in-Chief and field commanders

9

22/06/1900 - 30/07/1900

Despatches & Reports of operations in South Africa by Commander-in-Chief and field commanders

10

02/08/1900 - 14/09/1900

Despatches & Reports of operations in South Africa by Commander-in-Chief and field commanders

11

14/09/1900 - 01/11/1900

Despatches & Reports of operations in South Africa by Commander-in-Chief and field commanders

12

04/11/1900 - 01/03/1902

Despatches & Reports of operations in South Africa by Commander-in-Chief and field commanders

 

WO 304

Whole Class

British Army Deaths: 1 September 1939 to 31 December 1946

RUDOLF HESS PAPERS

FO 1093

 

Numerous unregistered papers 1941-5.

TS 27/510

1941

Questions whether Hess can appear to give evidence in the libel trial bought by the Duke of Hamilton against Harry Pollitt (General Secretary of the U.K Communist Party).

HO 144/22492

1941-2

Public disquiet & rumours about his mission. Also measures to prevent his appearance as a witness in a libel action bought by the Duke of Hamilton against Harry Pollitt (General Secretary of the U.K Communist Party).

TS 26

177

 

The sinking, without warning, of the S.S PELEUS and the attempted murder of her crew.

232

 

Tretton, Norway : Mass Murder (see my Operation Freshman section).

803

 

Hong Kong and at sea: murder of prisoners lost on the sinking of Lisbon Maru.

858

9 May 1945

Shooting of Allied Prisoners-of-war in the vicinity of Le Paradis, Lestrem, Pas-de-Calais on 27 May 1940

(Report of SHAEF court-of-enquiry occupies TS 26/850-62 inclusive).

900

January 1946

Hjalmar Schacht: Document book on individual responsibility of the IMT defendants.

901

January 1946

Hjalmar Schacht: Trial presentation by Lieutenant Brady O Bryson, USNR.

THE TREACHERY ACT 1940

ADM 116/4297

 

Admirality Bill 1939-40.

HO 45/18658

 

Home Office Northern Ireland 1940.

LCO 2/1383

 

Lord Chancellor's Office Death Penalty 1939-41.

WO 32/4588

 

Assistance to the enemy re-named as 'Treachery' 1935-42.

LCO 2/1383

1939-41

Questions whether the death penalty provisions should be confined to the crimes of espionage and sabotage.

WO 32/4588

 

File Number 5/BILLS/5588. Code: 3(A) Parliamentary Bills.

FO 371

The following table lists some of the Foreign Office records covering events in Norway.

47555

1945: Norwegian demand for surrender of German War Criminals

56277

1946: Political & economic situation in Norway War Guilts Trials

56318

1946: Reindeer for London Zoo

56343

1946:Case of German War Criminal: Hauptman Wolfgang Blell

66070

1947: Proposed visit of Mr. Churchill to Oslo

71497

1948: Proceedings against war criminals in Norway

77470

1949: Employment of former war criminals & traitors in Norway

86540

1950: Report of visit of Mrs. Roosevelt to Oslo

86566-7

1950: Visit of Montgomery to Norway (Military Mission)

94696

1951: Various visitors to Norway during 1951 including British P.M & Mrs. Atlee and Foreign Secretary in August 1951

94700

1951: Trial of Per Edward Danielsen for espionage

94703

1951: H.M Ambassador's interview with Norwegian Foreign Minister, 2 days after his arrival in Norway

100661

1952: Norwegian refusal to allow foreign troops on her soil. Also report on her navy and air force

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