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FRESHMAN

Home - War Crimes Trials - British Mounted Trials - Operation Freshman - Glider Crew

Introduction

This pages lists the Glider and Tug crews which took part in Operation Freshman.

I have attempted to specify the fate of each individual. Their resting place and other information is specified in more detail elsewhere on this site.

Due to their being no survivors from either glider, it was extremely difficult for the authorities at the time to construct a picture of what exactly happened. Most of the information only emerged after the war finished in 1945, and War Crime investigations were carried out.

Glider Number One

Glider Number One (a Horsa DP349), and its tug (a Halifax 'A' Apple), took off at 17:45 from Wick. The tug was piloted by Squadron Leader A.B. Wilkinson. This plane released its glider and returned to Wick, landing at 03:00 the following morning. The crew of this Halifax were the only people to return from Operation Freshman.

After the glider crashed at Fylgjesdal near Lysefjord, two of the survivors reached the Hovland Family's farm in Helleland. They told the Thedor and his son Trond Hovland that after being released by the tug, the glider apparently lost control and crashed somewhere into the mountains between Helleland and Bjerkreim. A later report stated that this glider had crashed east of Egersund, not far from Helleland Railway Station.

This glider was flown by Staff Sergeant M.F. Strathdee, with his co-pilot Sergeant P. Doig. Both glider pilots were killed in the crash.

Staff Sergeant Strathdee was born in Croydon, before moving to Southampton. At the outbreak of war, he was a member of Royal Armoured Corps before transferring to the Glider Pilot Regiment (Army Air Corps). Sergenat Doig was born and resided in Glasgow. 

The Glider's troops are shown in the following table. The dates vary due to the uncertainty about what happened to the servicemen. The dates are those held by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Rank Name Born Residence Fate Location Date
Lieut D.A. Methven London NW Perthshire Killed in Crash Crash Site 20/11/1942
L/Sjt F. Healey Yorkshire Middlesbrough Killed in Crash Crash Site 19/1/1942
Cpl J.D. Cairncross Roxburghshire Roxburghshire Murdered Stavanger 19/11/1942
L/Cpl W.M. Jackson Leeds Leeds Shot Tradum 19/1/1943
L/Cpl T.L Masters Glamorgan Devonshire Murdered Stavanger 19/11/1942
Spr J.F. Blackburn Hampshire London Shot Tradum 19/1/1943
Spr F. Bonner Sunderland Hertfordshire Shot Tradum 19/1/1943
Spr J.W. Walsh Salford Lancashire Shot Tradum 19/1/1943
Spr T.W. White Somerset Cardiff Shot Tradum 19/1/1943
Spr J.G.V. Hunter Stirlingshire Stirlingshire Killed in Crash Crash Site 19/11/1942
Spr W. Jacques Nottingham Nottinghamshire Killed in Crash Crash Site 19/11/1942
Spr R. Norman Angus Angue Killed in Crash Crash Site 19/11/1942
Spr E.J. Smith London W London W Murdered Stavanger 19/11/1942
Dvr G. Simkins London N Essex Killed in Crash Crash Site 19/11/1942
Dvr P.P. Farrell Eire Salford Murdered Stavanger 19/11/1942

 

Glider Number Two

Glider Number Two (a Horsa HS114), and its tug (a Halifax W7801 'B' Baker), took off at 18:00 from Wick.

The tug waspiloted by Flight Lieutenant A.R. Parkinson (Royal Canadian Air Force) and Pilot Officer G.W. Sewell de Gency RAF(VR) as co-pilot. The other crew members were Flying Officer A.T.H. Haward RAF(VR), Flight Lieutenant A.E. Thomas RAF(VR), Sergeant J. Falconer RAF, Flight Sergeant A. Buckton RAF(VR) and Flight Sergeant G.M. Edwards RAF(VR). This plane crashed at Helleland, Rogaland. All the crew were killed in the crash.

They were buried in the snow until Spring 1943, when their remains were recovered by local people and buried in herring boxes. In December 1945 their remains were reburied in Helleland Churchyard.

Helleland Funeral

The funeral service at Helleland Churchyard (Bjarne A. Johansen 2003)

The glider was flown by Pilot Officer N.A. Davies and his co-pilot was Pilot Officer H.J. Fraser. Both were officers in the Royal Australian Air Force.

Norman Arthur Davies was born in Melborne, the son of Herbert Arthur and Sophie Davies. Prior to the outbreak of war, Norman Davies was a farmer and graduate of Dookie Agricultural College, residing in Queen Street, Melbourne. His stated next-of-kin was his Father.

Herbet John Fraser was born in Bendigo; a town in Victoria approximately 75 miles north of Melbourne. His parents were Herbet John and Ida Marion Fraser. Prior to the outbreak of war, Herbert Fraser was a Carrier and lived in Bramble Street, Bendigo with his wife Elyn Avery Fraser.

This glider crashed approximately 2.5 kilometres north-east of Lensmannsgard, 400-500 metres north-west of Gasetjern, some four kilometres north from where the towing Halifax crashed. Both pilots and Driver Pendlebury were killed in the crash.

The remaining soldiers were captured and shot near Egersund on the same day. A memorial now stands on the spot where they were executed.

Memorial Location

Sletteboe Memorial(Leif Jørum)

Side view of Memorial

Side view of Sletteboe Memorial(Leif Jørum)

Memorial Plaque

Sletteboe Memorial Plaque(Leif Jørum)

Memorial Names

Names on the Sletteboe Memorial(Leif Jørum)

The glider pilots and the servicemen are buried in Eiganes Churchyard, Stavanger.

Rank
Name
Born
Residence
Date
Lieut
A.C. Allen
Birmingham
Birmingham
19/11/1942
L/Sjt
G. Knowles
Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
19/11/1942
Cpl
J.G. Thomas
Bath
Bath
19/11/1942
L/Cpl
F.W. Bray
Surrey
Surrey
19/11/1942
L/Cpl
A. Campbell
Stirlingshire
Stirlingshire
19/11/1942
Spr
G.S. Williams
Doncaster
Doncaster
19/11/1942
Spr
E.W. Bailey
Portsmouth
Portsmouth
19/11/1942
Spr
C.H. Grunday
Salford
Essex
19/11/1942
Spr
H.J. Legate
London N
London N
19/11/1942
Spr
T.W. Faulkner
Hereford
Hereford
19/11/1942
Spr
H. Bevan
Monmouthshire
London SE
19/11/1942
Spr
L. Smallman
Staffordshire
Lincolnshire
19/11/1942
Spr
J.M. Stephen
Inverallochy
Inverallochy
19/11/1942
Dvr
J.T.V. Belfield
Staffordshire
Derbyshire
19/11/1942
Dvr
E. Pendlebury
Yorkshire
Leeds
19/11/1942
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